Jane Peterson was nationally recognized for her gouaches and paintings during the first three decades of the twentieth century. She studied with the great Spanish Impressionist painter, Joaquin Sorolla, and at the Pratt Institute. She was a member of the prestigious National Academy of Design and taught at the Art Student's League from 1914 to 1919. Peterson painted in a brightly hued painterly, Post-Impressionist style during the height of her career. The artist was well known for her Gloucester harbor scenes, Venetian vignettes, New York subjects, and her exotic paintings of North Africa and Constantinople. Her work was exhibited in all the major juried watercolor and oil exhibitions in the United States. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, High Museum of Art, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, and The Princeton University Art Museum are a few of the museums that own her gouaches and paintings. She visited East Hampton during the 1930s.